Cervical and Lumbar Spine Arthoplasty
Cervical and Lumbar Spine Arthoplasty in Southern California
ONE® Brain & Spine Center® specializes in cervical and lumbar spine arthroplasty, a minimally invasive procedure that involves the placement of an artificial disc after the removal of a damaged disc.
The discs of the spine are located between the vertebrae and act as shock absorbers or cushions between the vertebrae. They consist of a tough outer layer known as the annulus and a soft inner layer, known as the nucleus. Age, trauma, or injury can compress the discs outward, where they are at risk for irritation or compression of the spinal nerves. Since the nerves of the spine are connected to other parts of the body, irritation of these nerves can cause pain in the arms, hands, legs, back, and neck. When the cervical spine nerves are compressed or irritated, this may result in pain, numbness, or tingling in the upper extremities. When the lumbar spine nerves are compressed or irritated, this may result in pain, numbness, or tingling in the lower extremities.
Those patients who have been diagnosed with radiculopathy, have undergone conservative treatments including medication, physical therapy, and alternative therapies, or require treatment only at one level may be ideal candidates for spine arthroplasty.
The surgeon will perform a physical exam and diagnostic imaging (MRI, CT, x-ray) and explain the risks and benefits of spine arthroplasty before determining whether the procedure will relieve the patient’s pain symptoms.
The surgeon will explain all portions of the procedure and answer any questions before surgery.
Cervical and lumbar spine arthroplasty is performed under general anesthesia, and while the patient is lying face up. An approach surgeon (usually a vascular surgeon) will perform the approach through the retroperitoneal space and onto the anterior lumbar spine; then the spine surgeon will take over and perform the spinal portion of the procedure.
Regardless of the location of the cervical and lumbar spine arthroplasty, the surgeon will make only a very small incision. Utilizing a procedure called a discectomy, the surgeon will remove the damaged disc and the structures surrounding the damaged disc to create space. The surgeon will then place and secure the artificial disc into the intervertebral space utilizing specialized surgical instruments and medical hardware.
The patient will be given post-operative instructions that may include the use of bracing for support and stability, low-impact exercise, and physical therapy to maintain flexibility, improve range-of-motion, and maintain strength.
As with any surgery or medical procedure, there are risks involved, and the surgeon will discuss these prior to the operation. The entire medical staff at ONE® Brain & Spine Center® is committed to the recovery of all of our patients of Irvine and surrounding California areas.
Cervical: the upper portion of the spine, the neck
Lumbar: the lower portion of the spine, the low back
Disc: located between the vertebrae of the spine, has a tough outer layer and softer inner layer
Arthroplasty: a procedure involving the use of an artificial disc after a damaged disc has been removed
Radiculopathy: pain in arms, hands, low back, and legs that is caused by compressed nerves
ONE® Brain & Spine Center® in Southern California is the leader in innovative and comprehensive treatment and care for neurological, brain, back, neck, and spine disorders. Call (949) 383-4190 or Contact Us for appointment.